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Thursday, November 15, 2012

Lengthy Debates and Mixed Opinions Among Delegates Evident in Security Council

A spontaneous P5 caucus that erupted in the midst of the first resolution
Since the Arab Spring, the global community has been exposed to rising tensions in Syria, culminating with the current political gridlock in the nation. The Assad-led government is fighting the National Coalition of the Forces of the Syrian Revolution, causing a slew of civilian deaths of both women and children.

In the Security Council, the delegate of the United States of America, submitted a resolution pertaining to the topic of the “rule of law and transitional justice in conflict and post-conflict societies.” The resolution is concerned with the political deadlock in Syria and finding a solution to the crisis, which has claimed the lives of more than 36,000 people. The political rift between the Syrian government and National Coalition of the Forces of the Syrian Revolution, led by Moaz al-Khatib, was also a highly debated and controversial topic. The Russian Federation was a co-submitter, while co-sponsors included Germany, PRC, Pakistan, United Kingdom, Colombia, and France.  At the end of the day, only two clauses out of thirteen were passed.

The first clause to be passed called upon the member states of the Security Council to recognize the National Coalition of the Forces of the Syrian Revolution as an opposition to the current Syrian government. The delegate of Iran clearly opposed this clause. The delegate argued that Assad’s government brings “hope, joy, [and] prosperity” to the people through redistribution of wealth and that the Syrian people do not want or prefer different means of representation. Other delegates questioned if the people were simply afraid to rise up or if Iran was simply scared to lose an ally; the delegate of Iran claimed that this was not the case, and that the most important issue is to halt violence - but only the legitimate government has the right to a military.

Clapping was also in order when clause nine passed. This clause called for the “establishment of UN Peacekeeping checkpoints on the Lebanese-Syrian, Iraqi-Syrian, Turkish-Syrian, and Jordanian-Syrian borders to ensure ground transport vehicles do not import or export arms”.  

This committee is unique, as the P5 nations have the power to veto. Also, if even one P5 nation abstains from voting, the clause will automatically fail. A P5 caucus was called for in the midst of the debate, but it was quickly dissolved by Secretary General, Nicholas A. (12, TAS)

The Security Council has yet to pass any resolutions. Further proposed resolutions will touch on the topics of the circumvention of the International Criminal Court, as well as attempts to end violence in  the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and the surrounding Great Lakes .

-Adrienne S. (11) 

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